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Patent Title: Method and apparatus for dynamic detection and routing of non-uniform traffic in parallel buffered multistage interconnection networks

Assignee: IBM
Patent Number: US5274782
Issue Date: 12-28-1993
Application Number:
File Date:08-27-1990

Abstract: A method and apparatus for routing processor-memory data traffic in a shared-memory multiprocessor computer system employs an interconnection network including two buffered multistage switching networks. Each of these networks can be used to route the data from any processing element to any memory element. Depending on the nature of the processor-memory traffic, two distinct routing schemes are used to distribute the traffic among the two networks. The first method distributes the memory accesses evenly among the two networks and maximizes performance when the memory accesses are uniformly distributed among the memory modules. However, when the traffic is highly non-uniform, a second routing method is used to confine the non-uniform part of the traffic to one network and the remaining part to the other network. The routing method is selected based on the prevailing traffic conditions. A distributed feedback mechanism detects the change in traffic conditions and changes the routing method accordingly. A traffic monitoring circuit within each memory module monitors the traffic into the memory module continuously and senses a change in the traffic condition. The condition is conveyed to the processing elements by means of a status flag associated with each response message from the memory module to processing elements. The processing elements respond to a change in traffic condition by switching to the alternate routing method.


Link to USPTO

IBM Pledge dated 1/11/2005